Language name: HINDI-URDU
UPSID number: 2016
Alternate name(s):
Classification: Indo-European, Indic
This language has 61 segments
Its Frequency index is 0.183126749 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)
The language has these sounds: p ph b tD tDh dD t. t.h d. k kh g q tS tSh dZ f "s "z S Z X RF m nD "l "r BA ? bh dDh d.h gh dZh mh nDh "lh hh i: I e: 3 a: u: U o: i~: I~ e~: 3~ a~: u~: U~ o~: j r.[~ aa: E O E~ O~
Comment: All (or almost all) consonants appear geminate. Long nasalized vowels occur only with a following nasal segment when a voiced obstruent follows.
Source(s): Kelkar, A.R. 1968. Studies in Hindi-Urdu I: Introduction and Word Phonology. Postgraduate and Research Institute, Deccan College, Poona.
Ohala, M. 1983. Aspects of Hindi Phonology. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, Varanasi, Patna.
Pinnow, H-J. 1953. Zeitschrift fur Phonetik und Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft 7: 43-53.
Srivastava, N. 1969. Review of Kelkar, A.R. Studies in Hindi-Urdu I. Language 45: 913-927.
Vermeer, H.J. and Sharma, A. 1966. Hindi-Lautlehre. Groos, Heidelberg.

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