Language name: KASHMIRI
UPSID number: 2018
Alternate name(s):
Classification: Indo-European, Indic
This language has 55 segments
Its Frequency index is 0.214593832 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)
The language has these sounds: p ph b tD tDh dD t. t.h d. k g ts tsh dz tSJ tSJh dZJ SJ m n l r hh j w i e i_ u o i~ e~ a~ u~ o~ kh s @ 3 a_) 3~ i: E: a: O: u: i_: @: i~: E~: a~: O~: u~: i_~: @~:
Comment: Most Kashmiri consonants in final position may occur with distinctive palatal, central or back (rounded) releases. Zakharin (1974) sets up separate series of palatalized and labialized consonants to account for these. Bhat (1987) interprets these releases as resulting from diphthongs preceding the consonants. The solution preferred here is to treat these as instances of the short high vowels. Nasalized vowels occur only in medial position.
Source(s): Bhat, R. 1987. A descriptive study of Kashmiri. Amar Prakashan Delhi.
Kelkar, A.R. and Trisal, P.N. 1964. Kashmiri word phonology: a first sketch. Anthropological Linguistics 6/1: 13-22.
Zakhar'in, B.A. 1974. Problemy fonologii iazyka kashmiri. Nauka, Moscow.
Zakhar'in, B.A., Edel'man, D.I. 1971. Iazyk kashmiri. (Iazyki narodov Azii i Afriki). Nauka, Moscow.

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