|Classification:||North American, Oto-Manguean|
|This language has||37 segments|
|Its Frequency index is||0.349074130 (average percentage of segments; 0.1: many very rare segments; 0.39: average; 0.7: many common segments)|
|The language has these sounds:||p t t_ k kJ kW ? mb nd_ Ng ts tS h B s S m n n_ r[ r l j w i "e aa a a_) "o u "e~ aa~ a~ a_)~ "o~ nd|
|Comment:||Amuzgo contrasts ballistic and controlled syllables. Ballistic syllables have sharply falling pitch and amplitude contours. It also has three level tones and high-low, mid-high and low-mid contour tones. The prenasalized stops are described as occluded (post-stopped) nasals with a "lenis" homorganic stop. They contrast with nasal + stop sequences. A possible analysis (not among those suggested by Bauernschmidt) is to treat these as allophones of the plain nasals before oral vowels since the oral/nasalized vowel contrast is neutralized after a nasal. This would mean that a velar nasal would only occur before an oral vowel, so it is not accepted here. Bilabials and t,n are described as velarized.|
|Source(s):||Bauernschmidt, A. 1965. Amuzgo syllable dynamics. Language 41: 471-483.
Longacre, R.E. 1966. On linguistic affinities of Amuzgo. International Journal of American Linguistics 32: 46-49.